WHAT IS HIP HOP –
As a cultural movement, hip hop includes more than music. Hip-hop culture is defined by four basic aspects. DJing/turntablism, MCing/rapping, B-boying/breaking, and visual/graffiti art were the original four fundamental pillars of hip hop. In addition, these modes of expression have spawned new subcultures with long-lasting effects.
THE BEGINNING –
Hip hop has evolved into an art form that has aided in the development of communities. Kids in the projects had nothing, but hip hop came along and transformed everything. Instead of gangbanging, the kids began to compose music and attend hip-hop events in their towns.
Hip hop has had a good impact on society, spreading all over the world and transforming people’s lives. Many of the children who grew up in the projects needed the inspiration to get up and pursue their aspirations, and hip hop provided that incentive for many of them. Hip hop originated in New York’s “boogie-down” Bronx and spread throughout the world.
DIFFERENT OPINIONS OF PEOPLE –
Because of the phrases used in the songs and the message of some songs, hip hop was seen negatively by society. However, many young people grew up listening to and being influenced by this music. During the 1970s, there was a lot of gang violence in the Bronx, and it took many lives.
Hip hop, on the other hand, revolutionized that by bringing together kids who were joining gangs. They used to meet up at various hip-hop events. Hip hop, like any other art form, is regarded as an art form that has influenced many people’s lives.
HIP-HOP HAVING AN IMPACT ON LIVES OF PEOPLE
Many influential rappers in the hip-hop scene affected many people’s lives. The presence of the rappers brought about change in these neighborhoods and projects. Gangs were taking over New York, but with the help of prominent DJs and MCs, gang violence began to decline.
Hip hop brought communities together to have fun rather than pulling them apart. MCs began to influence the Bronx club scenes, and many individuals began to fall in love. Club scenes did not exist in the 1980s until hip hop arrived.
LIL UZI VERT –
Many hip-hop analysts, tastemakers, and musicians were stunned when Lil Uzi Vert’s XO Tour Llif3 debuted at the top of the charts. Uzi exchanged boasts of luxury and prosperity for stories of heartache and professed misery.
Emotional rap wasn’t new terrain, but Uzi’s shamelessly daring delivery and production were. This signaled not only the emergence of a new hip-hop genre but also the evolution of the rap archetype. This not only heralded the birth of a new hip-hop genre, but also the evolution of the rap archetype.
SugarHill Gang –
Historically, hip-hop has dealt with extremes. Hip-hop had a place for everything, whether it’s fact or imagination, a celebration or a funeral. Since The SugarHill Gang’s 1979 song Rappers Delight, hip-hop has welcomed rock-tinged music from Run DMC in the 1980s and gangster-rap in the 1990s.
Schoolly D and Ice-T –
Jesse Bonds Weaver Jr. (born June 22, 1962), better known by his stage name Schoolly D (occasionally written Schooly D), is a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-based rapper.
Ice-T is the stage name of Tracy Lauren Marrow, an American rapper, actor, composer, and producer born on February 16, 1958. Rhyme Pays was the second hip-hop album to receive an explicit content sticker (after Slick Rick’s La Di Da Da) when he signed with Sire Records in 1987.
It was created in the 1980s by rappers Schoolly D and Ice-T and became the most commercially successful hip-hop subgenre. It was characterized by stories of violence, promiscuity, drugs, and disrespect for police enforcement.
Commentators and religious leaders accused the genre of encouraging criminal behavior and instilling terror. This made N.W.A’s Fuck the Police a watershed moment in gangster rap.
Fuck the Police, a protest song for Black people afflicted by racial profiling and police brutality is a scathing indictment of law enforcement. The song prompted the FBI to send a letter to N.W.A’s record label, expressing their disgust and saying that the song misrepresented cops.
ABC management was forced to pull the song due to mass protests, police, and politicians. The group protested by playing the song “Express Yourself” by N.W.A. non-stop for 24 hours. Throughout the day, the station played N.W.A.’s anti-censorship hymn exclusively. Triple j’s news theme was sampled using the scratch sound from that track, as revealed in 2005.
Rhymers are known for being authentic, rebellious, and oblivious to the repercussions of their actions. In their diaristic homilies, Tupac, Biggie, and Eminem recounted their difficulties. As this hyper-masculine and violent rapper paradigm gained prominence, female rappers tried to clarify their position.
MC LYTE – FIRST FEMALE MC –
When MC Lyte released Lyte As A Rock in 1988, she was one of the first female MCs to release an album. A member of Three 6 Mafia, Gangsta Boo reflected her male classmates’ egotism in the 1990s.
LIL KIM –
Lil’ Kim, on the other hand, is credited with pioneering the hypersexuality of female rap. A bank robbery, gun ownership, and her allegiance to Notorious B.I.G. were all mentioned in Kim’s 1995 debut performance on Junior Mafia’s Players Anthe’
Kim’s debut album, ‘Hard Core,’ released in 1996, was drastically different. Kim was positively licentious, sexually aggressive, and celebrated herself like no one before her. She flipped the script on gangster rap’s standard misogynistic themes and weaponized them against guys who dared to criticize women.
Kim shouted her sexuality in a way that made her sound no different from her colleagues’ hyper-violent songs. Gangster-rap, by definition, was about rebellion and extremes, and Kim had succeeded in doing just that.
HARDSHIPS IN THE LYRICS
Fifty Cent, Jay-Z, and Lil Wayne opened up about their struggles with addiction and gunshot wounds in the early 2000s. The story was told not to elicit compassion, but to emphasize their indifference to pain now that they had experienced the worst. 50 raps on ‘Many Men’, “What goes around, comes around.”
According to The Day Kanye West Killed Gangsta Rap on September 11, 2007, was the day gangster-rap died. A widely known battle between 50 Cent and Kanye West, whose winner would be determined by album sales, came to an end on that day.
Nas’ ‘Ether’ or threats of violence were used to resolve feuds in the past, but West challenged 50 to a match decided by numbers. A complex stance explains, “Kanye never claimed to be tough, and as a result, rendered 50’s go-to position as the hardest man alive useless”. ‘This wasn’t a fight that 50 could win with a punch.’ Graduation by Kanye West sold 957,000 units, while 50 Cent sold 691,000.
GANGSTA RAP –
In the face of experimental electronic production and Chris Martin collaborations, gangsta rap felt broken. The future was represented by the direction of the west. Musicians could hear the changes, but they would also have an impact on the culture. He, and everything he was into, turned music’s talk away from street drama and hip-hop gossip to sneakers, style, and design when they became the new cutting edge.
YE WEST –
‘Ye West’ opened the path for rappers whose stories were not tainted by financial hardships or violent incidents’ Fashion designers and A-listers were inspired by rap music to become tastemakers.
Due to the decline in popularity of gangster rap, emotional rap was born. West’s ‘808s & Heartbreak’ smeared autotune over themes of heartbreak and loss. Taking cues from Kid Cudi’s sadness and T-autotune, Pain’s ‘808s’ heralded a new era.
SUCCESS OF RAP FROM 2000s
From Ariana Grande and Nicki Minaj’s smash hit to Drake and Cardi B’s reign at the top of the charts, hip-hop has become associated with pop music. As of 2018, hip-hop has surpassed rock as the most popular music genre in history. Someone who appeared on Dr. Phil at 15 or a stripper who almost became a Kardashian can now be a rapper.
EMO RAP –
However, hip-hop has always dealt with extremes, and the current situation is no different from that of 1989. Cudi and West paved the way for emotional rap ten years ago, but melancholy is now rap’s most commodifiable resource. Thank Me Later, Drake’s debut album released in 2010, featured the then-newly minted icon grieving over his ex-girlfriends and was led by Cudi’s signature sing-song rapping.
Emo rap is the logical next step for music that blurs the limits so much that the lines become nebulous. Lil Uzi Vert nonchalantly laments his want to die, and the late Lil Peep prophetically rapped about his drug addiction. Rap is at its lowest point in history.
ASTROWORLD is the polar opposite of flaunting money and groupies, and Sicko Mode appears to be the most depressed on the record’s biggest single. Nothing counts anymore, and hedonism is hollow. Juice WRLD’s Lucid Dreams is similar to Uzi, breaching the civility facade for visceral admissions of inner suffering. Then there’s Trippie Redd, Lil Xan, and Lil Skies, all of whom cling to similar gloomy vibes.
DJ INFLUENCES –
The young Bronx crowd was influenced by DJ Grandmaster Flash, Afrikka Bambaataa, and DJ Kool Herc. Despite growing up in New York’s shantytowns, the party atmosphere began to change when hip hop was introduced to the city. These DJs brought New York’s many cultures together for club events through their music.
In the beginning, hip hop was dominated by DJs, who gradually gave way to breakin’. Kids would engage in dance battles in the club scenes. To demonstrate their skills, the competitive crowd would break into groups and compete against each other.
For many years in the ’80s and ’90s, breakdancing and battle were not available internationally. A new generation of dance ensembles is pursuing their aspirations and traveling the world.
Numerous people fell in love once MCs began to impact the Bronx club scene. Until hip hop came along, club scenes in the 1980s were rare. The MCs were the rappers who interacted with the crowd while standing next to the DJ booth. Adam Bradley discusses rapping techniques and skills in his book “Book Of Rhymes: The Poetics of Hip Hop”. Bradly digs hard into the rhythmic aspect of his performance.
Rhyming and fighting would be a lot of fun for the kids. Poems, says Bradley, are where it all began. Different beats were used to make poetry flow. Rap is fundamentally a form of poetry.
IMPORTANCE OF RHYMING
“Beat is something we talk about in both rap and literary verse, but in dramatically different ways,” Bradley explains (Bradley, 10). Along with the rap, the beat should flow as smoothly as possible. Rhyming is vital because it gives the song a fresh, clean sound. Rapping became popular among young people as a form of expression. Rap was viewed negatively by the guardians of the children who listened to it in the 1980s and 1990s.
FAMOUS RAPPERS IN THE WORLD
Eminem is the stage name of Marshall Bruce Mathers III, a rapper, songwriter, and record producer from the United States. Over 220 million records have been sold globally by Eminem. For popularising hip hop in Middle America, he is widely regarded as one of the finest rappers in history, according to critics.
The 24-year-old Canadian rapper, singer, songwriter, actor, producer, and entrepreneur was born on October 24, 1986. His first mixtape, Room for Improvement, came out when he was recognized for his role in the television series Degrassi: The Next Generation (2001–2007). Before partnering with Young Money Entertainment, he released the mixtapes Comeback Season (2007) and So Far Gone (2009).
Snoop Dogg –
Originally known as Snoop Doggy Dogg and Snoop Lion,[note 1] Snoop Dogg is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, actor, media personality, and entrepreneur. “Deep Cover” and Dre’s debut solo album, The Chronic, brought him prominence in 1992. Broadus has sold more than 23 million records in the United States and 35 million albums worldwide since its debut in 1993.
Travis Scott –
Travis Scott (previously Travi$ Scott) is an American rapper, songwriter, and record producer who was born Jacques Bermon Webster II on April 30, 1991. His stage name is a combination of the name of a favorite uncle and the first name of one of his idols, Kid Cudi (whose real name is Scott Mescudi).
Juice WRLD –
“Juice Wrld” (pronounced “juice world”; stylized as Juice WRLD) was a rapper, singer, and songwriter from Chicago, Illinois, who died on December 8, 2019. In 2018, his single “Lucid Dreams” reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100 and was streamed over one billion times on Spotify. Lil Bibby’s Grade A Productions and Interscope Records were impressed by “Lucid Dreams” and offered him a recording contract.
He says he got his stage name from Tupac Shakur’s role in the film Juice, and that it implies taking over the world. He’s been performing since the early 2000s. He is regarded as a pivotal character in the emo-rap and SoundCloud rap genres, both of which gained popular notice in the mid-late 2010s.
Nicki Minaj –
Nicki Minaj, born (Onika Tanya Maraj-Petty) on December 8, 1982, is a Trinidadian-born rapper, singer, songwriter, and actress. With 100 million records sold worldwide, she is one of the best-selling female artists of all time. She is recognized for her energetic rapping, versatility as a performer, and double entendres in her lyrics.
Rapper, songwriter, and record producer Kendrick Lamar Duckworth was born on June 17, 1987. Known as one of the most influential rappers of his generation, Lamar made his mainstream debut in 2012 with Good Kid, M.A.A.D. City. He is also renowned as a part of the hip hop ensemble Black Hippy, which includes Ab-Soul, Jay Rock, and Schoolboy Q.
50 Cent –
He is an American rapper, composer, television producer, actor, and businessman. 50 Cent was born on July 6, 1975. He has been hailed as a “master of the delicate art of lyrical brevity” in the hip-hop business.
J Cole –
John Lamarr Cole, better known by his stage name J. Cole, was born on January 28, 1985, in New York City. Cole is widely regarded as one of the most skilled rappers of his time, as well as one of the most influential. Early in 2007, Cole’s debut mixtape The Come Up brought him to the notice of hip-hop fans. Two more mixtapes were released when he signed with Jay-Roc Z’s Nation label in 2009.
Tupac Amaru Shakur –
American rapper Tupac Amaru Shakur, best known as 2Pac and Makaveli, was also a musician, songwriter, and actor. He died in 1996. In the history of hip-hop, he is considered to be among the most influential rappers.
Often regarded as a symbol of anti-inequality activism, Shakur’s work has been recognized for its focus on modern socio-economic challenges that plagued inner communities.
‘Gully Boy’ made hip-hop music popular in India, and it has since been absorbed and remade in other parts of the world. It became one of the prominent cultural movements of the African, American, and Hispanic communities in the 1980s, encompassing varieties of break dancing, rap music, graffiti art, and fashion.
It has inspired many artists that want to bring about social change through their music, and there have been pioneers both globally and in India. However, not everyone is aware of how it all began.
EVOLUTION OF HIP HOP IN INDIA
HARJEET SINGH SEHGAL –
Harjeet Singh Sehgal, better known as Baba Sehgal, brought hip-hop to India in 1990. With hit songs like ‘Thanda Paani’ and ‘Dil Dhadke,’ he launched the trend.
The genuine genesis of Indian hip hop, or ‘desi hip hop,’ occurred in the early 2000s, when Roger David, a rapper from California known as Bohemia, and his producer Sha One published their debut album ‘Vich Pardesan De.’ This record gave Indian hip hop the energy it desperately needed.
Mobster Mundeer is a group of five individuals who were influenced by Bohemia. They are Yo Yo Honey Singh, Lil Golu, Badshah, Raftaar, and Ikka. Alfaaz and J Star, two more musicians, joined the group after a period of time. As a result, numerous members of the group went their separate ways and began working individually.
GULLY RAP –
In India’s hip-hop culture, gully rap, or street rap emerged. Naved Shaikh alias Naezy, a young child from Mumbai, was inspired by icons like JayZ and Nas. Arafat!, Naezy’s debut track, was released in January 2014 with a raw music video. Since Naezy is a multi-talented artist with exceptional skills, the music has gone viral. In India, actual street rap was experienced for the first time.
A number of rap stars have emerged from Mumbai’s underworld. Rapper Vivian Fernandes, better known as Divine, made his presence known. Sony Music Entertainment signed Divine as an artist due to its popularity. ‘Mere Gully Mein’, which Divine and Naezy collaborated on in 2015, became an instant hit.
Sharukh Shaikh, also known as Emiway Bantai, and Kunal Pandagale, better known as Kaambhari, became famous underground rappers from Mumbai.
LIGHT FOR THE INDIAN UNDERGROUND RAPPERS
The success of ‘Gully Boy’ has benefited all of the new underground rappers with remarkable talent and talents, every one of whom is striving to become one of India’s top rappers. The underground rappers from Mumbai have acquired significant exposure and look forward to the evolution of India’s hip hop culture, which is always expanding and changing as the elder generation fades and the younger generation continues on the legacy while infusing its own style.
2. Emiway Bantai
7. MC Stan
8. Dino James
9. 7 Bantaiz
10. MC Prabh Deep
Hip hop has had a good impact on the globe, depending on how it is employed. The lyrics you employ in a song may influence how someone perceives it. In this song, for example, there are a lot of curse words, but the song’s meaning is powerful.
Duan Myko and Colin Byrd, two young males, discuss the impact that hip hop could have on music depending on how it is used in this video. To have a good impact on society, the lyrics of hip-hop songs must be uplifting and dream-chasing. However, some songs have a negative influence on society. Many of these rappers are idolized by young people.
Rappers have evolved dramatically from then to now as a result of the era in which we currently live. Another component that influences the creation of hip-hop music is the surroundings.
For example, in this generation, young kids are rapping, and they have easier access to resources for recording music. Many of today’s songs have meaningless lyrics, however, some musicians rap on real-world issues. However, some rappers rap about sex, drugs, and violence, and it draws a crowd in this day and age.
To summarise, hip hop has had a global impact on communities in both positive and negative ways, depending on the message and background story of the song.